Monocrystalline Silicon

Monocrystalline Silicon


Monocrystalline silicon, or single crystal silicon, is the primary base material that silicone microchips and semiconductors are made from, which can be found in virtually all electronics. The material is also a key component in solar cells as the substance acts as a strong light absorbing material.

Single crystal silicon is a safe, highly adaptable material well suited for any number of electronic or light-related environments or applications. It’s a stable, reliable performer that is also affordable, making it one of the most common manufactured materials.

Its crystalline structure, or crystal lattice, is one continuous solid with no breaks and is free of grain boundaries with no impurities. This gives monocrystalline silicon an advantage over virtually all other materials – an ability to reliably deliver desired performance specifications across highly complex devices such as microprocessors. It can be doped with small amounts of other elements to deliver specific semiconductor performance characteristics. Monocrystalline silicon for industrial applications is created in a laboratory in large ingots that are later machined or ground into the proper shape and size for a particular application.

Applied Ceramics has the experience necessary to precisely grind and machine monocrystalline silicon into a number of shapes, sizes, and forms to exacting tolerances. Our skilled technicians have the experience in machining silicon for semiconductor and solar cell applications. If you’re looking for a reliable and trusted silicon wafer manufacturer with the know-how to produce components to your specifications, Applied Ceramics would be proud to be your trusted silicon and ceramic machining provider.

In addition, we can perform silicon micromachining for intricate shapes and details such as channels and etchings. We achieve this by using the latest laser and CNC equipment to build microstructures by deposition and etching of different structural layers on top of the substrate. The result is a component that is ready for production or R&D prototyping.

Contact an experienced Applied Ceramics professional to discuss your single crystal silicon machining application, learn more about the silicon manufacturing process and work together to design and deliver the parts you need to your desired specifications.

applied ceramics monocrystalline silicon machining

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  • Semiconductors and microchips
  • Solar cells
  • High power laser optics


  • Free of grain boundaries for a pure substance free of impurities
  • Light absorbing (photovoltaic)
  • Stable in a number of environments
  • Can be polished
  • High thermal conductivity, from cryo up to 1100°
  • Monocrystalline Silicon

    Properties Units Silicon
    Density g/cm3 2.33
    Color gray
    Water Absorption % 0
    Flexural Strength MPa@room temp.(R.T.)

    Compressive Strength MPa@R.T.
    Hardness GPa 11.3
    Coefficient of Linear Thermal Expansion 1E-6/°C
    (»25°C to Ј1000°C)
    Thermal Conductivity


    Specific Heat cal/g°C@R.T. 0.18
    Thermal Shock Resistance D T(°C)
    Maximum Use Temperature °C 1350
    Volume Resistivity Ohm. cm@R.T. 0.005->20
    Dielectric Constant 1MHz@R.T. 11.7

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